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When old Rose is looking at her drawing in the water, her original line was supposed to be "Wasn't I a hot number? In the movie, Jack is a 3rd class passenger on the Titanic who sneaks his way up to first class with the hopes of never getting caught. In , years after Titanic sank, the entire wreck site was mapped for the first time. Until then, only the bow, stern, and areas in between were explored. Upon completing this, Disaster Investigator James R. Chiles virtually and in 3D reassembled Titanic. He concluded that Titanic was not poorly built, was not built of inferior materials, and had no design flaw.

In fact she floated longer than her builders expected once she struck the iceberg. Even a modern-day battleship would not survive the sideswipe blow the iceberg gave Titanic that night. Also, he concluded that the stern end likely corkscrewed to the sea floor once under water. Kate Winslet has no aversion to nudity so she performed her nude scene without the use of a body double. Production of the film began in when James Cameron shot footage of the real wreck of the Titanic. He was able to persuade 20th Century Fox to invest in the film by convincing them that the publicity surrounding a real-life dive to the wreck would be really beneficial to the production.

And that's why I made the movie". The statement brought laughter and applause. When Jack sneaks onto the first-class deck in search of Rose, we see a young boy playing with a top as his father looks on. The father is played by Titanic historian and author Don Lynch , of the Titanic Historical Society, who served as a consultant on the film. The scene is based on a famous photograph taken aboard Titanic during the second leg of the voyage, between Cherbourg and Queenstown the photographer, Fr.

Francis Browne, a Jesuit priest, left the ship when it docked briefly in Ireland. Spedden of Tuxedo Park, NY survived the sinking, but the boy died three years later in an auto accident in Maine, one of the first recorded in the state. He noted that initial compliments over the raw footage became more sparing over time as the costs spiraled out of control, and the studio heads at Paramount Pictures "acted like they'd been diagnosed with terminal cancer" as the release date drew near.

Even Cameron himself was at one point convinced that the film would bomb, and he would never work again. Following her grueling experience on the film, which included a rigorous filming schedule as well as experiencing many hardships and bruises, Kate Winslet said, "You'd have to pay me an awful lot of money to work with James Cameron again" apparently, her request was granted, because she has been confirmed to appear in Cameron's Avatar 2 Leonardo DiCaprio also acknowledged it was a tough shoot, yet he stated that if he would ever do another action movie, he would want Cameron as director.

During the sinking scene, the priest reciting a passage from the Bible did exist on the Titanic. He is believed to be Father Byles of second class. The last remaining survivor of the Titanic was Millvina Dean born 2 Feb She died 31st May aged She never married or had children. Both Leonardo DiCaprio and Jason Barry injured themselves while filming the scene in which their characters pull up a bench in third class and use it to smash a gate open. DiCaprio threw out a shoulder, and Barry caught himself in the chin with the bench. As a joke in the edit suite, James Cameron had a razor blade with a label that said "Use only if movie doesn't work.

Rose's chiffon dress which she wears for the latter part of the film was designed to look just as good wet as dry. Costume designer Deborah Lynn Scott had about 24 of them made. Robert De Niro was offered the role of Captain Smith but turned it down due to a gastrointestinal infection at the time. Harland and Wolff, the Belfast shipyard who built the Titanic in , opened up their private archives to the production, sharing blueprints that were long thought lost. Christian Bale auditioned for the role of Jack Dawson, but was turned down because James Cameron didn't want two British actors playing the lead roles of two Americans.

Kate Winslet suffered bruises so impressive that the makeup artists took photos to use for reference later. She also chipped a bone in her elbow.

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In the scene in the beginning where the captain orders full-speed ahead and the shot moves down into the boiler room, the set was really just about three boilers but the film makers had huge mirrors installed to visualize a great big long room. In this scene you can see workers shoving in coal, and about 20 feet down the room you can see the mirror image of the workers. James Cameron infamously threatened to fire anyone who would dare get out of the tank for a bathroom break while shooting the lifeboat scenes, leading to more than a few actors including Kate Winslet relieving themselves in the water.

I am Rose! I don't know why you're even seeing anyone else! The opening was originally going to be an Irishman painting the word 'Titanic'. During that same scene, it is not, as believed by some, a real film from her departure in James Cameron wanted to use actual footage, but at the time there was none.

So he attempted to create what he thought took place. However after the movie was released, some actual footage was discovered. According to the cast and crew commentary on the Special Edition DVD, the first scene filmed between Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet was the nude scene where he draws her; the last shot of the film was the flooding of the captain's wheelhouse. It was a three second sequence that required multiple cameras and safety divers and a stuntman to play Captain Smith. There was a scene storyboarded, in which Rose was to walk off the Carpathia and disappear into the crowds.

Since the budget had run so high, however, James Cameron had to cut this scene due to the expense of having almost 1, extras brought to New York to film just seconds. In , Entertainment Weekly reported that when the movie was re-released in 3D, James Cameron didn't update any effects or fix any errors except one.

When astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson , director of New York's Hayden Planetarium, first saw the movie in its original theatrical release, he noticed that the configuration of stars in the night sky during Rose's night in the water bore no resemblance to what the sky really looked like over that place on that night and, in fact, the same incorrect set of stars had just been duplicated in post-production. Tyson wrote a letter to Cameron explaining the error; several years later, upon meeting Cameron in person, Tyson repeated his complaint; and then at an event that occurred at the Hayden Planetarium, Tyson spoke about it to Cameron a third time.

Finally, a post-production technician working on the re-release called Tyson and asked him to provide a picture of what the sky really would have looked like, and Tyson's star image was used to fix that shot. Before the shot was fixed, the stars were arranged to look like the Heart of the Ocean necklace. She said about it, "I wish I could say, 'Oh listen, everybody! It's the Celine Dion song! I just have to sit there, you know, kind of straight-faced with a massive internal eye roll It haunts me. When the stern of the ship is vertical, Chief Baker Joughin Liam Tuohy , in white is drinking from a flask.

Joughin was one of few to survive the freezing water, allegedly due to the alcohol but this is disputed as unlikely since alcohol is known to accelerate hypothermia, not to help resist cold. The scene was added after Liam showed the flask to James Cameron explaining that it was a family heirloom as old as the Titanic itself.

Gloria Stuart who was 87 at the time of the film's release, lived to celebrate the 10th anniversary of its release at age She became a real-life centenarian on July 4th, In the scene where the lifeboats are rowing to the Carpathia, there is a brief scene that shows Fifth Officer Lowe waving a green flare and shouting something, but for dramatic reasons the diologue is muted. If you were to read his lips, you can tell he is saying "Come on, put your backs into it, men. We've been saved! In it became the first film since to win the Oscar for Best Picture but not be nominated for its screenplay the previous film to hold this "honor" was The Sound of Music The original release date was 25 July When Harrison Ford , whose upcoming film, Air Force One , was scheduled to be released the same day, found out, he demanded that Paramount Pictures push the release date to a different time.

The studio, who had distributed many successful films of Ford's, agreed, being worried that Ford would never do another film for them again. Ford may have had a point, because Titanic was subsequently released on the same date as Kevin Costner 's The Postman , which became a massive box office bomb as a consequence.

Even though the film brought them great fame, both Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet are now embarrassed by their performances in this film.

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Winslet called her American accent "awful" and feels that her acting "could have been better", while DiCaprio called himself a "young punk" in this film. Many cast members came down with colds, flu, or kidney infections after spending hours in cold water, including Kate Winslet. Several others left and three stuntmen broke their bones. The scenes during which Thomas Andrews chastises Second Office Charles Lightoller for sending the boats away without filling them to capacity is the only scene in the entire film in which the actors' breath was not digitally added in later.

Only the starboard side of the exterior set was completed. In the scenes portraying the ship at the Southampton dock, all shots were reversed to give the appearance of the port side of the ship, as it was actually docked in This required the painstaking construction of reversed costumes and signage to complete the illusion, which was achieved by reversing the image in post-production.

One cast member joked, "I wasn't dyslexic before starting this show. I am now. This required the aid of a second studio to cope with the costs. Universal Pictures was in the running for a long time, but ultimately passed.

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At the party in steerage, a foreign-speaking man is speaking with Rose and she says "I'm sorry, I can't understand you. By the time the movie was made, River Phoenix had died and Leonardo DiCaprio had reached the perfect age. Ironically when Johnny Depp was offered the role of Jack, he turned it down. Lindsay Lohan auditioned for the role of Cora Cartmell.

Lohan, who was then an unknown and was only 8 years old at the time casting took place, was the top choice for the role. However, James Cameron felt that Lohan's fiery red hair would confuse people into thinking she was related to the characters Rose and Ruth, who both had fiery red hair. Alex Owens-Sarno was cast instead.

However, it was overtaken by James Cameron ''s Avatar When he couldn't find an actor to play the part, he went to Abernathy and asked, essentially, if he would play himself. Abernathy replied, "If you want to fuck up your movie by casting me, buddy, alright. After filming, the remains of the full-size set were sold as scrap metal.

The Swedish phrases that Sven and Olaf exchange during the card game translate into the following: Olaf: "Idiot! I can't believe you're betting our tickets! What the hell are we gonna do?! I'm gonna kill you! Egg white was used for the initial spitting sequence, but petroleum jelly was used in the sequence where Rose spits on Cal. Both films were directed by James Cameron. James Cameron supervised all of the underwater shots of the Titanic himself. James Cameron 's regular Michael Biehn was nearly cast as Cal Hockley and attended numerous meetings with Cameron to discuss the role.

James Cameron originally wanted Enya to compose the score for the film and even went so far as to assemble a rough edit using her music. When Enya declined, Cameron hired James Horner who had composed the music for Cameron's previous film Aliens to write the score. Horner stated that the tensions with Cameron were so high during post-production of "Aliens" that he assumed he and Cameron would never work together again.

However, Cameron was so impressed with Horner's score from Braveheart that he contacted Horner, who was willing to forget the past. According to some accounts, Horner independently decided the film's score should be done in Enya's style. As a result, several pieces of the score sound very similar to some well-known Enya songs, in particular her theme song for Far and Away Book of Days. In the original script, after Jack, Fabricio and Tommy break down the locked gate, Rose steps through the wreckage, threats the steward to get him fired, and orders him to escort the steerage passengers to the boat deck immediately.

As filming progressed, James Cameron became impressed with Jason Barry 's performance in a relatively small role and wanted to give him a stronger scene. With Kate Winslet 's blessing, Cameron changed the gate breakdown scene to give Tommy the last word instead of Rose.

Kate Winslet had to learn how to scuba dive in preparation for her scenes in the water. They were originally booked by J. Morgan , but he canceled before the ship sailed. It was said that Bruce Ismay booked the rooms following Morgan's cancellation, but this was never proven. Even though the actors wore waterproof makeup for the scenes shot in the aftermath of the sinking, they constantly required touch-ups, as chemicals in the pool they shot in would wash the makeup off. Jack's portrait of the one-legged prostitute is actually visible for two frames as he turns the page to his sketch of "Madam Bijoux".

James Cameron decided not to show the portrait as he thought the audience would imagine something better. The first movie to gross a billion dollars. La La Land is the only out of the three films to not win Best Picture. The character of Rose is partially based on California artist Beatrice Wood , who died in at the age of Leonardo DiCaprio was initially not convinced about playing Jack, thinking the part to be "a bit light. The first film James Cameron ever directed that did not include or mention nuclear weapons.

Real Beluga caviar was used in the first class dining room sequence. After sampling it, Jonathan Hyde said he "made an acting decision on the spot that Ismay was a big eater. The detached stern section of the full-size set was moved onto a separate tilting platform which would allow it to be rapidly turned vertical for the final phase of sinking.

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There were 10 takes, each requiring stunt players to fall from or along the set while 1, extras were attached to the railings by safety harnesses. In a deleted scene, called Ismay's guilt, it shows the life boats arriving near the Carpathia, and Bruce Ismay gets on and he looks around as the sad theme plays and everyone in the crowd is watching him. In real life he did the same thing. And in later interviews he "couldn't bear the sight of the Titanic sinking" in the movie, he indeed averts his eyes from the sinking ship.

After the Titanic disaster he kept a low profile. The scale model of the under water wrecked ship, has been on display in the Titanic museum in Branson, MO for a number of years. In August , it will be removed and taken back to Hollywood where it is to be used to film the new Titanic 3-D movie. James Cameron met his fifth wife, Suzy Amis , on the set of this film. He was technically still married to Linda Hamilton but they had been living apart for some time. Of all his marriages, the one with Amis has lasted the longest. Most of the decor on the ship was either reconstructed by or under the supervision of researchers of the White Star Line, the original company which constructed and furnished the Titanic.

Jack mentions he is from Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. James Cameron wrote the film as a four hour epic. It was cut down to three hours. At the time of filming, it was believed that the ship broke into two pieces as shown in the CGI animation at the beginning of the film , but as of , it is now known that the ship broke into three pieces, the famous bow section, the imploded and crumpled stern section, and the middle, double-hull of the ship, which had planed away and accounts for approximately ' of her total ' of length and sits far from the wreckage, near the outer rim of the debris field.

James Cameron acknowledges this error, but defends his description of the sinking in the film due to the fact that the mid-section was simply not known about at the time. As such, the film is retrospectively historically inaccurate. Reba McEntire was offered and had accepted the role of Molly Brown, but due to later schedule conflicts, had to turn it down.

Jack Dawson is depicted as both one of the last passengers to board the Titanic as well as one of the last people to go into the ocean when the ship finally sinks. Daniel Marvin died aboard the Titanic, but not without photographing some of the only existing film of the liner. The Marvins were actually featured characters in S. Titanic which also starred David Warner Lovejoy. All the artifacts were created from scratch by Peter Lamont 's production design team to recreate the newness of everything on the ship. A number of scenes are arranged and in some cases scripted almost identically to similar sequences in A Night to Remember This is particularly true of these scenes: - Thomas Andrews telling Capt.

Smith the sinking is "a mathematical certainty"; - The Titanic's band preparing to depart at the end, only to turn around and regroup as Hartley begins playing "Nearer My God to Thee" by himself though a different version of the song is used in the film. To sink the Grand Staircase into the purpose-built 5 million gallon tank, 90, gallons of water were dumped through it as it was lowered into the tank.

Such was the volume that the staircase was ripped from its steel-reinforced foundations. This is possibly what really happened to the Grand Staircase during the sinking in When the wreck was searched following its discovery in , nothing remained of the staircase. Shay Duffin , who played the pubkeeper in England, is related to one of the original Irish workers who built the Titanic. In a recently-completed investigation by Tim Maltin , he reveals that the reason the iceberg was not seen was due to a "cold water mirage.

The multiple layers of cold and warm air cloaked the iceberg. Normally the iceberg could have been seen as far as 12 miles, giving Titanic 30 minutes to avoid. During the sinking of the actual Titanic, there was concern that the davits might not be strong enough to lower the boats fully loaded, although they had in fact been tested under such a weight.

The davits in the film, which can be seen flexing under the weight, were made under the same dimensions as originally designed by the White Star Line. The deep-sea camera held only 12 minutes' worth of film, but each dive took many hours. The Russian sub operators would walk around the model ship holding model subs in their hands as Cameron explained the shots he wanted. Composer James Horner said in an interview that after he first saw a rough version of the film he went home and wrote all the themes in 20 minutes.

In all of recorded maritime history, no ship ever had a sideswipe collision with an iceberg like Titanic suffered. And no ship has had such an accident since. The force of the blow was likened to a C4 explosion something most modern ships would struggle to survive. Paul Rudd auditioned for the lead male role because his own father had been an avid Titanic historian. Despite his being able to reel off factual technical stats about the great ship, the casting team remained unimpressed. Before announcing development of this film, director James Cameron shot footage of icebergs off the coast of Nova Scotia under the pretense of making a film titled "Planet Ice.

Despite his distinguished record he would be decorated twice for valor in combat , he would never command a merchant vessel for White Star or any other shipping line. After leaving merchant service, he owned a small motor yacht for much of the rest of his life. His was one of the many private citizens who helped in the evacuation of British and Allied forces from Dunkirk, France; he and his two sons would be credited for evacuating approximately Allied personnel in the dangerously overloaded vessel. After the ship breaks in half, the bow section sinks rapidly.

To film this, the full-size set was in fact divided into sections, but the bow section would not sink fast enough, due to its own buoyancy and the narrow clearance between it and the tank. James Cameron observed that once "God's 10,, kW light" had risen they would have to wait until the next night, and suggested sinking the set, letting the air space between the two decks fill with water, then raising the set again and quickly sinking it before the water ran out. This worked. One of the Irish passengers, Patrick A. O'Keefe, was a young man who boarded the Titanic when he was 21 years of age.

Just days before he entered the Titanic, he had horrific dreams of the ship sinking and nearly canceled his ticket. However he decided to board on the ship anyway. Once the Titanic was sinking, he managed to survive on the "collapsible B" life raft. He died in in Manhattan from unknown causes at the age of The "ale" in the below decks party was actually root beer. Fox executives suggested an hour of specific cuts from the three-hour film. They argued the extended length would mean fewer showings, thus less money even though long epics are more likely to help directors win Oscars.

James Cameron refused, telling Fox, "You want to cut my movie? You're going to have to fire me! You want to fire me? You're going to have to kill me! Amidst all the doubt, Cameron credits Sherry Lansing , head of co-producer Paramount at the time, for her continued support for the movie, even when no one else seemed to believe in it anymore. Cameron even screened a rough version of the film for Lansing on a small monitor at his own home, and her approval was a turning point for him, confirming that he was on the right track with the movie, and that the three-hour running time was justified.

Finally, all doubts held by the studios proved to be moot when the movie returned a giant profit by staying at the top of the box office for weeks. Titanic marks the first time that two actors, Kate Winslet and Gloria Stuart , were nominated for an Academy Award for playing the same person in the same film. They both played Rose but neither won. Fay Wray was originally offered the role of the older Rose but turned it down, saying, "I think to have done this film would have been a tortuous experience altogether". Hollywood legend Ann Rutherford also turned it down. During the 3rd Class party scene, Jack and Rose try to dance the Polka, with neither one really knowing the steps.

The Polka is the official state dance of Wisconsin, where Jack is from. Jack and Rose officially meet on Friday evening, April 12, The "full-size" ship exterior set was constructed in a tank on a beach south of Rosarito, Baja California, Mexico. Construction started on the 85th anniversary of the real Titanic's launch - May 31, see also A Night to Remember The set was oriented to face into the prevailing wind so that the smoke from the funnels would blow the right way.

The car in which Jack and Rose make love was a Renault owned by the Carter family. The drawing Jack made entitled "Madame Bijou" wasn't really just any picture. They got the idea from an old photograph taken by Brassai called "Bijou". The name of the character Caledon Hockley derives from two small towns Caledon and Hockley near Orangeville, Ontario, Canada, where James Cameron 's aunt and uncle live. According to James Cameron , Fox was initially dubious when he pitched the film.

Sure, that's just what we want. Is there a little bit of Terminator in that? Any Harrier jets, shoot-outs, or car chases? It's not like that. Papers released by the Public Records Office showed that third class passengers were not locked below decks. Early in production, this film's brief "decoy" working title was "Planet Ice".

Tickets to the showing were presented to the audience at the Jodie Foster movie "Contact" on its July 11 opening night at the theater at Mall of America in Bloomington. Because "Titanic" had been receiving considerable industry buzz much of it bad, due in part to budget concerns , and not wanting to have press at the test showing, ticket recipients were told that they would be seeing an early version of "Great Expectations", starring Ethan Hawke and Gwyneth Paltrow.

At the test screening, when Cameron and others were introducing the film, they continued to maintain the ruse by not mentioning the movie by name, only referring to it as "the movie you are about to see", etc. When the movie started, many in the audience were excited that they thought they were getting to see a new trailer for "Titanic", not yet realizing they were seeing the whole movie.

Film personnel collected feedback in many ways--including handwritten surveys, post-film interviews, and even stationing personnel in the lobbies and restrooms to listen in on guests' conversations. The crew felt that James Cameron had an evil alter ego, and nicknamed him "Mij" Jim spelt backwards. There was one "crucial historical fact" James Cameron chose to omit from the film - the ship that was close to the Titanic, but had turned off its radio for the night and did not hear their SOS calls.

That wasn't a compromise to mainstream filmmaking. That was really more about emphasis, creating an emotional truth to the film," stated Cameron. He said there were aspects of retelling the sinking that seemed important in pre and post-production, but turned out to be less important as the film evolved. It was a clean cut, because it focuses you back onto that world.

If Titanic is powerful as a metaphor, as a microcosm, for the end of the world in a sense, then that world must be self-contained. The schedule was originally meant to last days but grew to - 20 days short of 6 months. As is the case with many 20th Century Fox films, the film cans for the advance screening and show prints had a code name. Titanic's was "Baby's Day Out 2. The completed film ignores the freighter Californian, which had stopped for the night due to the ice hazard and was within sight of the Titanic throughout the sinking the Californian's warning had been received and sent to the bridge but was not placed in the chartroom.

An early version of the script included a scene on the Californian, but James Cameron cut out the subplot after filming it to shorten running time. Horner waited until Cameron was in an appropriate mood before presenting him with the song. After playing it several times, Cameron declared his approval, although worried that he would have been criticized for "going commercial at the end of the movie".

Cameron also wanted to appease anxious studio executives and "saw that a hit song from his movie could only be a positive factor in guaranteeing its completion". First movie to be nominated in all seven technical categories Cinematography, Editing, Production Design, Costume Design, Sound Mixing, Sound Editing, Visual Effects at the Academy Awards and as of the only movie to win in all technical categories. The climactic scene, which features the breakup of the ship directly before it sinks, as well as its final plunge to the bottom of the Atlantic, involved a tilting full-sized set, extras and stunt performers.

James Cameron criticized previous Titanic films for depicting the final plunge of the liner as sliding gracefully underwater. He "wanted to depict it as the terrifyingly chaotic event that it really was". When carrying out the sequence, people needed to fall off the increasingly tilting deck, plunging hundreds of feet below and bouncing off of railings and propellers on the way down. A few attempts to film this sequence with stunt people resulted in some minor injuries and Cameron halted the more dangerous stunts. The risks were eventually minimized "by using computer generated people for the dangerous falls".

The shot also featured prominently in the trailer, and Cameron later commented that "that shot alone got our opening weekend audience. James Cameron's last film for 12 years as a writer and director until Avatar Rose says "Jack" 80 times, not counting when she calls him "Mr. Dawson", but counting both Kate Winslet and Gloria Stuart.

Jack says "Rose" 50 times. Andrews Victor Garber angrily notes to Officer Lightoller Jonny Phillips that he saw a lifeboat leave with only 12 people aboard, while it could theoretically hold 60 people. This is probably based on a real-life account of a surviving passenger to Walter Lord, who wrote the book "A Night To Remember", where he mentioned that some of the officers ignored the "women and children first" rule.

As a result, lifeboat 1 was boarded by Sir Cosmo Duff Gordon and his wife portrayed in the movie by Martin Jarvis and Rosalind Ayres , her secretary, and two other first class men, for a total of only 12 passengers. A foot crane originally intended for construction and lighting was mounted on railway tracks and used for most high-level exterior shots, rather than expensive helicopters.


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The camera platform was big enough for a gyro-stabilized Wescam, a Steadicam and a hand-held camera. James Cameron directed atop it to be able to see the entire set. Long shots showing the whole ship's exterior were produced by Digital Domain. For one scene, James Cameron instructed them to "imagine we're making a commercial for White Star Lines and we need beautiful shots sweeping around the ship from a helicopter.

A model was used for the ship in the background during the poker scene so the onlookers are missing. On the last two dives, shots were taken by sending a remotely operated vehicle into the wreck; James Cameron had intended using this device only as a prop. Was the last first-run film to have a 70mm release until The Master James Cameron paid for the 70mm prints himself. The name of the band seen playing at the party in 3rd Class is Gaelic Storm. All the scenes where there is an exterior sunset shot were filmed at the Fox Studios set in Baja California, Mexico.

The set was constructed specifically for the film, as no studio was large enough at the time to encompass the almost full-scale replication of the ship. Titanic Jack talks about going ice fishing on Lake Wissota in Chippewa Falls as a child. When the Titanic sank in , the lake had not been created yet. It was created by a dam in If measured by ticket sales rather than dollar gross, this would rank as the fifth most attended film of all time domestically, having sold an estimated million tickets in its initial run and another 7 million after its reissue.

It was the most attended film of the s and the most attended film since E. Jack Dawson's signature is based on the way James Cameron signs his own drawings. This was one of the newest entries on the list from films which were released between and For some wreck interior shots, a set was constructed and submerged. To create the drawing of Rose, James Cameron had a photo session with Kate Winslet and took photographs of her sitting in different positions so he could use as reference.

Cameron and Winslet didn't know each other well enough at that time for her to pose nude for him, so she posed in a bikini. Cameron had to use his imagination to draw her nude. Several scenes show all four funnels smoking but the smoke from the fourth funnel is fewer and cleaner. The White Star Lines competitors all had four and they did not want to lose face. So the fourth funnel was designed as additional storage space that was used on the first trip for livestock and to provide ventilation.

Although a sizable publicity campaign had already announced the movie's premiere in July , a lot of elements in post-production especially the special effects took longer to complete than anticipated. The summer release of the movie would only be possible with major cuts and compromises to the film. However, after a very successful preview of a rough cut of the movie, James Cameron convinced the studios that they needed to properly finish the film instead of cutting it down.

The studio then agreed to delay the release until Christmas Mark Lindsay Chapman was fired and rehired twice, and survived an accident where he was struck by a boat and had to be pulled from the water. Thomas Andrews was originally supposed to appear during the "King of the World" scene, but was removed because he hadn't yet been introduced. They later made Ghosts of the Abyss together, which became their final collaboration with Paxton's death in February The wreck of the real Titanic was discovered in by ocean explorer Robert Ballard.

Ballard was officially on a mission to locate the Titanic, but in reality, he had been secretly charged by the US Navy to locate two missing American nuclear submarines with his deep sea robot craft, before they could be found by the Sovjets. After quickly finding the subs, Ballard used the remaining time and resources in a successful search for the Titanic. Ironically, this closely mirrors the premise of The Abyss , one of James Cameron 's previous movies. Cameron stated that he was inspired to make The Abyss after seeing a National Geographic film about remote operated vehicles working deep in the North Atlantic Ocean, much the same tools used by Ballard.

Cameron's love for deep sea diving which he developed during the making of The Abyss, coupled with his fascination for shipwrecks, finally culminated in the making of Titanic. The only real decks were the boat deck and A deck, with a facade of plating and lighted portholes completed only on the starboard side. So many lights were required that cinematographer Russell Carpenter commented: "And you walk inside, and 70 miles of one kind of cable and 70 miles of another kind all add up to this Terry Gilliam vision of the telephone company of the s.

Archibald Gracie in this film. The Screen Actors Guild decided, following an investigation, that nothing was inherently unsafe about the set. Additionally, Leonardo DiCaprio said there was no point when he felt he was in danger during filming. At the departure scene the extras were filmed on a green screen in a parking lot. Only the starboard side of the set below the superstructure was fully built and riveted.

When it came time to film the scenes in Southampton, everything had to be backwards so it could be easily mirrored in post-production, even down to the buttons on people's clothing. Came eighth in the UK's Ultimate Film, in which films were placed in order of how many seats they sold at cinemas. Of the special effects houses involved, VIFX were responsible for the icy, visible breath of the passengers floating in the water after the ship sank. They also worked on the engine room sequence and a lot of the workers seen therein. POP Film handled digital face replacements and matte paintings, Banned from the Ranch took care of some underwater shots, CIS Hollywood were responsible for sky replacements and bluescreen composites, whilst Digital Domain - James Cameron 's own company - dealt with the bulk of the big showcase special effects.

Papers released by the Public Records Office in showed that third class passengers were not locked below decks. Barbra Streisand was considered for the role of Molly Brown. One of the Swedes in the beginning of the film, Erik Holland , is really Norwegian, and currently works as a doorman at a nightclub in Stavanger, Norway. The other, Jari Kinnunen , is an actor from Finland. James Cameron admitted the expectations on Avatar were daunting but that was to be expected after making Titanic Was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress in for being "culturally historically and aesthetically significant".

Smaller railings and catwalks were installed to make the engines appear bigger. Dolores O'Riordan was asked to both act in and compose music for the movie, but refused both offers due to the birth of her son. James Cameron regular Jenette Goldstein appears in period costume here. Previously she had showed up in period costume at the auditions for Aliens , her first movie with Cameron, thinking it was a period movie.

Tom Wilkinson was considered for the role of Lovejoy, which eventually went to David Warner. Wilkinson went on to do The Full Monty , which became one of Titanic's contenders at the Oscars next year. A 17 million gallon tank was built for the exterior of the reconstructed ship, providing degrees of ocean view. The ship was built to full scale but production design removed redundant sections on the superstructure and the forward well deck so that it would fit the tank.

The remaining sections were filled in digitally. While the boat deck and the A-deck were full working sets, the rest of the ship was steel plating. Contained within that was a 50 foot lifting platform for the ship to tilt during the sinking sequences, while towering above that was a feet tall tower crane on feet of railtrack. This was used as a construction, lighting and camera platform.

The filming schedule was intended to last days but grew to The post-sinking scenes in the freezing Atlantic were shot in a , US gallons 1,, L tank, where the frozen corpses were created by applying a powder on actors that crystallized when exposed to water, and wax was coated on hair and clothes. The Titanic Belfast Maritime Museum Ireland opened 31 March , commemorating the centenary of the great ship's demise.

In one of the deleted scenes, Brock's manager Bobby tells him that they're over-budget, the partners depending on them are pissed, and that they're in serious danger of getting shut down. James Cameron later noted that when he was writing this, he had no idea he would be hearing all these things when the production ran into problems. Hugh Grant was offered the role of Cal, but politely told James Cameron it wasn't his thing.

Interior shots also involved hydraulically tilted sets in tanks in various studio soundstages. As the elderly Rose exits the helicopter in her wheelchair, she is holding her pet Pomeranian. This is in tribute to the 12 confirmed dogs on the Titanic. Only three pets survived: two Pomeranians and one Pekinese which, due to their small size, were smuggled onto lifeboats.

Initially, James Cameron did not want a pop song for the movie's theme song. The first TV spots for the movie focused almost exclusively on the action and peril, making the film look more like a standard disaster movie than a romantic drama. James Cameron felt that this hugely undersold the movie, so he suggested an alternative campaign that emphasized the drama and love story, to be targeted at female audiences and to be broadcast during episodes of The Oprah Winfrey Show Later TV spots combined elements of both.

Dinosaur Adventures Meet the dinosaurs! Children will love these 11 original dinosaur adventure stories and activity book. Each story is based around a familiar theme that young readers can relate to. Younger children can enjoy popular stories and rhymes with this series of large-format hardback books. First Reference These brightly illustrated reference titles will promote an understanding of principle concepts and interesting subjects. Busy Machines Bursting with bright illustrations, children will love exploring this big book of busy machines. A multitude of diggers, tractors, trucks and rescue vehicles are delightfully characterised throughout to appeal to young readers.

Horse Trivia Quotes

First Dictionary With more than illustrated entries, this book is ideal for children who are using a dictionary for the first time. Headwords have been chosen to encourage creativity and increase vocabulary. This compendium focuses on colours, shapes, numbers, words and animals. With lots to spot on every page and simple, fun questions throughout. First Atlas With over 20 colourful maps to pore over, this atlas provides a fun introduction to the countries of the world. Accompanied by engaging text, each map is clearly labelled and packed with features to spot. Includes a map of the world poster.

First Body Book Each spread explores a body system with simple text and colourful anatomical illustrations. Quirky characters communicate extra fun facts, and practical activities encourage reader participation. First Space Book Planets, stars and astronauts are just some of the topics covered in this brightly illustrated First Space Book.

Quirky cartoons present fun facts, and a simple activity on every spread helps children explore further. Includes a glossary, plus a wall poster of the Solar System. Space is huge! Space is absolutely everything that exists beyond our planet. All of space is called the Universe. Scientists think it is very old and began So, what can we find in space? Light travels super fast. It can circle the Earth 15 times in just two seconds. Scientists use how far light travels in a year to measure big distances in space. A light year is thousand million kilometres.

Planet Mars is just over half the size of Earth. It has two small moons called Phobos and Deimos and is much colder than Earth. Scientists wonder if life ever existed on Mars. Lots of robot rovers have been sent there to investigate. One day, people may even be sent to visit. Space stations are workplaces and living areas in space. They let astronauts spend months away from Earth. It has as much room as a five-bedroomed house. Floating around Shampoo is rubbed in but not rinsed out. I wash with a damp cloth as there is no shower!

This means that objects and astronauts feel weightless. Everything, from pens to food, floats around if not held in place. Meals are planned months before the mission. Most foods are stored dry in pouches. Astronauts add hot water before eating them. Visiting spacecraft arrive with fresh treats such as fruit. These attractive box sets contain 20 books that children will want to read again and again.

Nursery Rhyme Treasury This collection of beautifully illustrated favourite rhymes is perfect for young children. Each book features number rhymes, nonsense rhymes, bedtime rhymes, and more. Princess Storybook Collection A magical mixture of modern and traditional princess tales. Each story is delightfully illustrated.

First Stories and Rhymes A collection of traditional fairytales and nursery rhymes that also includes four original dinosaur tales. Each book features bold artwork scenes packed with charm and detail. My Story Time Collection Distinctive illustrations retell classic favourites in an exciting way for a new generation of readers. My Question and Answer Library Packed with facts waiting to be discovered, the inquisitive questions, cartoons and activity panels encourage learning.

Play Packs This is an absolute must for busy little people — everything they need to read, play, puzzle and colour in one wallet! Read the storybook, then press out the stand-up models for creative play. Also includes a puzzle and colouring book, and jigsaw.

Gift Boxes These fantastic gift sets contain a fully illustrated picture book and a soft toy. Vicky the Velociraptor The story of Vicky — a speedy Velociraptor who often runs straight into trouble. Convertible This is the ultimate book, playmat and toy all rolled into one. Once unfolded, children can follow the illustrated route and story. It then refolds to create a sit-in vehicle that a child can pretend to operate.

Convertible Playbook These highly interactive pop-up books promote traditional reading skills alongside imaginative play. Children will love reading the storybook, then folding out the building and using the card press-outs and playmat to create their own adventures. Giant Adventure An exciting story, rhyming riddles and intriguing facts take children on a wild adventure in each of these beautiful books. Stunning artwork scenes are packed with details for readers to spot, and each book contains a map and check list to complete.

The Ultimate Quiz Reference

Classic Fiction This hugely successful range takes a fresh look at classic fiction. Richly illustrated throughout, every book has been carefully compiled and designed to give a rewarding reading experience. General Reference This reference range takes key subject areas and provides an in-depth guide through thousands of facts, photos, diagrams and information. Mini Collection These small-format books are presented in an attractive slipcase, ideal for children to carry with them to dip in and out of whenever they please. A wide selection of classic poetry plus stories from the Old and New Testaments have been carefully compiled and beautifully illustrated.

The Books This highly visual series puts an exciting spin on core reference topics. From legendary lost treasures to the deadliest animal predators, and extreme forces to savage storms, these titles present a new way of looking at our world. The Ultimate Guide A fascinating world of information is made truly accessible with these remarkable guides. Each book is split into five key sections, and text is presented as easy-to-read bullet points. Every section includes a transparent acetate sheet feature, which delves deeper into a key area through stunning cutaway visuals and detailed labels.

The addition of two colour wall posters make these guides a spectacular knowledge package. Discover how our awesome ancestors shaped the world and uncover the darkest depths of our blue planet. Topics in the series also include Animals, Science and Dinosaurs — something for everyone to be wild about! Pocket Edition Facts Our bestselling Facts series is shrinking… only in size, not number!

Perfect to pack for holidays and take on museum trips. Covering a colossal range of subjects from Ancient Egypt to Stars and Galaxies, this is a must-have reference resource. Project This brilliant series takes a hands-on approach to popular subjects. A step-by-step project on every spread, fold-out central pages and tactile lift-the-flap features enhance learning and make these books truly interactive. Includes crazy, colourful, cartoon-style illustrations. Explore the world with this modern, educational atlas.

Search-and-find panels list capital cities and their grid references, while statistics and facts are clearly presented. Simple Science Experiments Each book contains ten experiments that introduce key scientific principles in a fun, accessible way. With simple materials and photographic step-by-step instructions, children can bring science to life in their own homes.

Afterwards they can test their understanding with the Quiz time section. Bright illustrations and simple activities provide an extra dimension to their learning. Junior Reference This colourful and informative series is ideal for homework projects. Packed with information, using the books also provides children with important research skills. British Handbook Children will be inspired to explore the great outdoors with the help of these practical handbooks.